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How to Do Visual Testing with Selenium

The Problem

There is a stark misconception in the industry when it comes to visual testing. Namely that it is hard to automate. Even noted automaters in the field share this misconception, which can be seen by this quote.

“Visual testing, something that is very difficult to automate.” – Richard Bradshaw (@FriendlyTester) [source]

As a result, people tend to turn a blind eye to it and miss out on a tremendous amount of value from something that is getting easier to implement every day.

A Visual Testing Primer

Visual testing (a.k.a. visual checking or visual regression testing) is the act of verifying that an application’s graphical user interface (GUI) appears correctly to its users. The goal of the activity is to find visual bugs (e.g., font, layout, and rendering issues) so they can be fixed before the end-user sees them. Additionally, visual testing can be used to verify content on a page. This is ideal for sites that have graphical functionality (e.g., charts, dashboards, etc.) since verification with traditional automated functional testing tools can be very challenging.

Given the number of variables (e.g., web browsers, operating systems, screen resolutions, responsive design, internationalization, etc.) the nature of visual testing can be complex. But with existing open source and commercial solutions, this complexity is manageable, making it easier to automate than it once was. And the payoff is well worth the effort.

by Dave Haeffner 

Read More: http://testautomation.applitools.com/post/105435804567/how-to-do-visual-testing-with-selenium



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